New Delhi: A report released by the government on Thursday said that Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are likely to witness an increase in high temperatures over the period 2030, 2050 and 2085.
The Forest Survey of India (FSI) in collaboration with Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) Pilani, Goa has conducted a study based on ‘Mapping Climate Change Hotspots in Indian Forests’.
Collaborative study aimed at mapping climate hotspots on forest cover in India, using computer model-based projection of temperature and precipitation data for future time periods, as per India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2021 Was. That is, the years 2030, 2050 and 2085.
“By analyzing the scenarios in the study period 2030, 2050, 2085, it is observed that the increase in high temperatures is projected in Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, while Andaman and Nicobar Islands, West Bengal, Goa, Tamil Nadu The report released by Union Environment Minister Bhupendra Yadav said that Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh are expected to witness the lowest temperature rise during these periods.
According to the report, the highest increase in rainfall is expected over the north-eastern states of India and the Upper Malabar Coast, while the north-eastern states such as Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, the north-western parts of the country such as Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh Least increase in rainfall and occasional fall in rainfall is also expected.
“Mapping of climate hotspots on forest cover in India using computer model-based projection of temperature and precipitation data for three future time periods, i.e. the years 2030, 2050 and 2085. The 2030 period is a near-term period. represents the timeline. The period coincides with the global short-term climate action horizon. The period 2050 represents the mid-term timeline and coincides with the global long-term climate action goals. The period 2085 represents the long-term time horizon ,” the report stated.
The increase in the level of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere is causing a steady increase in the average global atmospheric temperature.
Such rise in temperature is affecting natural phenomena such as rainfall and also affecting ecosystems and essential biological processes that are essential for the survival of life on Earth, the report said. That climate change negatively affects weather patterns and their farming and public health.
According to the IPCC report released in 2021, the average global temperature has already risen by a little more than 1 degree Celsius compared to pre-industrial times.
Forests play an important role in mitigating climate change. They are the largest terrestrial reservoir of carbon on the planet, and become a source of carbon dioxide and other GHGs if they are cut, burned or destroyed.
India aims to achieve the target of creating an additional carbon sink equivalent to 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide by 2030 through additional forest and tree cover.
The total carbon stock in the country’s forest is estimated to be 7,204 million tonnes as per the current assessment and the country’s carbon stock has increased by 79.4 million tonnes as compared to the last estimate of 2019.
Soil organic carbon (SOC) represents the largest pool of carbon stock in forests, estimated at 4,010.2 million tonnes. The report states that SOC contributes 56 per cent to the country’s total forest carbon stock.
The report shows that Arunachal Pradesh has the maximum carbon stock of 1023.84 million tonnes (MT), followed by Madhya Pradesh at 609.25 million tonnes, Chhattisgarh with 496.44 million tonnes and Maharashtra at 451.61 million tonnes.
“The carbon stock per hectare among different states, union territories indicates that Jammu and Kashmir is contributing 173.41 tonnes per hectare carbon stock, followed by Himachal Pradesh at 167.10 tonnes per hectare, Sikkim at 166.24 tonnes per hectare and Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 162.86 tonnes per hectare,” the report said.
It concluded that in the last five biennial assessments, the country’s forest carbon stock has shown an increasing trend. Carbon stocks have increased from 6,663 million tonnes in the 2011 assessment to 7,204 million tonnes in the current assessment, showing an increase of 541 million tonnes between the period 2011 to 2021.
(Except for the title, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)
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