Ukraine says ceasefire violations in the east continue

As world leaders scramble to find a diplomatic solution to Russia-Ukraine tensions, the 2015 Minsk Agreement is being discussed as a possible way out of the crisis.

The agreement, the second of its kind (and the one that matters), was in the Belarusian capital in a bid to end a bloody 10-month conflict in eastern Ukraine.

But Minsk II has never been fully implemented, with its major issues still unresolved.

here’s what you need to know,

Who are the major players? In February 2015, a rare meeting between Russian, Ukrainian, German and French leaders called for peace in areas of Ukraine that had been occupied a year earlier by pro-Russian separatists. Those regions in the Donbass region of Ukraine became known as the Luhansk People’s Republic (LPR) and the Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR). The Ukrainian government in Kiev insisted that both regions were under Russian occupation.

The talks also aimed to work towards a political solution for the region.

The result, Minsk II, was signed by Russia, Ukraine, separatist leaders and representatives of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). It was later supported by a resolution of the United Nations Security Council.

what were the terms of the agreement, a ceasefire. In February 2015, heavy fighting was still going on in some areas between Ukrainian forces and Russian-backed rebels, with Ukrainians suffering heavy losses.

Withdrawal of heavy weapons from the front.

that OSCE – a 57-member security organization that also includes the US and Canada – oversees the frontline.

A dialogue on local elections in areas held by pro-Russian rebels.

The restoration of full economic and social relations between the two parties, so that, for example, pensions can be paid.

The Ukrainian government should restore control of the border with Russia.

Withdrawal of all foreign armies and mercenaries.

Constitutional reform that would give some autonomy to regions of Ukraine’s eastern Donbass region that is no longer under the control of the central government.

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